Soccer’s rules and regulations are maintained and updated annually by the International Football Association Board (IFAB).
The board consists of eight members, four of which come from FIFA, and the other four coming from England, Scotland, Northern Ireland, and Wales – all countries that contributed to the development of the sport.
FIFA’s most recently published rule book is 140 pages long, which is a bit ambitious for the casual player who is just becoming familiarized with the game.
For this reason, we have prepared a simplified version below that should allow you to learn the basic rules of soccer.
It is also important to note that although FIFA publishes an established set of rules, they are often modified by national and regional leagues and organizations.
With that, you should ensure that you inquire with your coach, fellow players or league manager regarding any rules that deviate from the norm.• Soccer can be played on either grass or artificial turf, but the surface must be green in color.
The field must be rectangular in shape, and distinctly marked by two short goal lines and two long-touch lines.
The field is divided into halves, separated by the halfway line, which runs from the midpoints of each touchline.
At the midpoint of the halfway line is a marked center point surrounded by a lined center circle with a radius of 10 yards.
Opposing players are not allowed to enter this circle during the possessing team’s kick-off.
The length of the touch line must be greater than the length of the goal line.
A soccer ball must be spherical in shape and made of leather or another comparable medium.