スコットは南極点到達後、帰路遭難したがアムンゼンから依頼された手紙をきちんと所持していたという。ジェントルマンだった。国の威信を背負い、途上学術研究調査をしながら極点を目指したスコットと、ひたすら極地到達をのみ追求し、そのためだけに周到な準備をしたアムンゼンとの差が出た。目標の絞り込み、努力の集中、機動力、柔軟性の発揮、周到な準備など、同じ宇宙からの石の持ち帰りに一番乗りをした「はやぶさ」の川口チームと似ている。 それにしても、南極での探検・調査研究が宇宙の解明にも繋がっているとは知らなかった。, the Norwegian Roald Amundsen and four companions trudged through fog, bitter cold and lacerating wind to stand at the absolute bottom of the world, the South Pole.
Nowhere was there a trace of their British rival, Robert Falcon Scott.
No Union Jack mocked them, no ice cairn bespoke precedence. A Cold Centennial Captain Scott’s Lost Photographs An American airplane that acts like a flying space lab, collecting data all over the continent.
The recently completed Ice Cube Neutrino Observatory.
DEEP FREEZE A topography of the Gamburtsev Subglacial Mountains, two miles beneath the East Antarctic ice sheet. ガンブルツェフ山脈の地形、南極の東の氷床の下2マイルのところにある。 その範囲はヨーロッパアルプスより広い。 Amundsen and Scott were commanding forces driving early exploration of Antarctica, the ice-covered continent almost half again the size of the United States and unlike any other place on Earth.
Both were driven by ambition to win fame by grabbing one of the few remaining unclaimed geographic prizes.
Each was different, though, in temperament and approach to exploration, which may have been decisive in the success of one and the undoing of the other.
Earnest and methodical, Amundsen had previously wintered over with an expedition in Antarctica and succeeded in the first navigation of the Northwest Passage, north of Canada, as he learned well how to prepare for work on the planet’s coldest, most unforgiving continent.
He knew from experience how indispensable well-trained dogs were for pulling sledges.
His next destination was to have been the North Pole.
But when he heard that two other groups claimed that triumph, Amundsen wrote that “there was nothing left for me but to try and solve the last great problem — the South Pole.” Scott was a Navy officer and a gentleman who had led an expedition that fell well short of the South Pole because of poor planning and execution.
He had a romantic view of exploration as a self-affirming adventure, a kind of trial by ice.