Art · Calendar · Cinema · Clans Cuisine · Dance · Dress Education (ROI) · Education (NI) · Flags Languages · Literature · Mythology Music · Politics (ROI) · Politics (NI) Religion (ROI) · Religion (NI) · Sport · Television nation and ethnic group native to the island of Ireland, who share a common Irish ancestry, identity and culture.
Ireland has been inhabited for about 12,500 years according to archaeological studies (see Prehistoric Ireland).
For most of Ireland's recorded history, the Irish have been primarily a Gaelic people (see Gaelic Ireland).
Anglo-Normans conquered parts of Ireland in the 12th century, while England's 16th/17th-century (re)conquest and colonisation of Ireland brought a large number of English and Lowland Scots people to parts of the island, especially the north.
Today, Ireland is made up of the Republic of Ireland (an independent state) and the smaller Northern Ireland (a part of the United Kingdom).
The people of Northern Ireland hold various national identities including British, Irish, Northern Irish or some combination thereof.
The Irish have their own customs, language, music, dance, sports, cuisine and mythology.
Although Irish (Gaelic/Gaeilge) was their main language in the past, today most Irish people speak English as their first language.
Historically, the Irish nation was made up of kin groups or clans, and the Irish also had their own religion, law code, alphabet and style of dress.
There have been many notable Irish people throughout history.
After Ireland's conversion to Christianity, Irish missionaries and scholars exerted great influence on Western Europe, and the Irish came to be seen as a nation of "saints and scholars". Notable Irish explorers include Brendan the Navigator, Sir Robert Mc Clure, Sir Alexander Armstrong, Sir Ernest Shackleton and Tom Crean.
The 6th-century Irish monk and missionary Columbanus is regarded as one of the "fathers of Europe", followed by saints Cillian and Fergal. Yeats, Samuel Beckett, George Bernard Shaw, Bram Stoker, James Joyce, C. By some accounts, the first European child born in North America had Irish descent on both sides.