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Gambling is a part of many traditional Indian cultures.

The law established the National Indian Gaming Commission and gave it a regulatory mandate. Some in Congress are in favor of greater regulation, while a professor in the field is skeptical that such regulation is effective.

The stated purposes of the act include providing a legislative basis for the operation/regulation of Indian gaming, protecting gaming as a means of generating revenue for the tribes, encouraging economic development of these tribes, and protecting the enterprises from negative influences (such as organized crime). Department of the Interior and created new federal offenses, giving the U. One of the key questions is whether the National Indian Gaming Commission and Department of Interior can be effective in regulating tribal economic decisions related to Indian gaming.

There was no federal gaming structure before this act. The law has been the source of extensive controversy and litigation.

§ 2701 et seq.) is a 1988 United States federal law that establishes the jurisdictional framework that governs Indian gaming.

Tribal games include dice and shell activities, archery competitions, races, and so on.

When Native Americans moved to Indian Reservations in the mid- to late 1800s, most were left with limited economic opportunity.

Today, most of these reservations "are located in remote areas with little indigenous economic activity…[They] have some of the highest rates of poverty, unemployment, welfare dependency, school dropout, alcoholism, and other indicators of poverty and social distress of any communities in the U.

S." The use of gaming to generate profit did not begin until the late 1970s and early 1980s within Indian communities.

Several tribes, especially in California and Florida, opened bingo parlors as a way to earn revenue.

Their actions were related to the search for new sources of revenue, given the emphasis the Reagan administration placed on economic self-sufficiency for the tribes.

While bingo was legal in California and Florida, those states had stringent regulations.